The following map displays thecountrieswith polio in 1988 and 2010. Nike Shoes White And Red
The objectives of the Polio EradicationInitiative are as follows:
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to achieve certification of Nike Sneakerboot Collection
global polio eradication;
The polio vaccination is an attenuated vaccine, which means it contains a live virus. The polio virus is weakened so that it stimulates the body immune system but does not actually cause the disease (UNICEF, 2012).
There are two types of vaccines available to protect against polio: inactive polio vaccines (IVP) and oral polio vaccines (OVP). A person is considered fully immune when they havereceivedno less than three doses of IPV or OPV, or four doses of IPV and OPV in combination (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012).
The characteristics of the poliovirus and the vaccine cause eradication campaigns to be mosteffectivewhen health workers go door to door to administering vaccines to all children under five. When children are not home, health workers have to return in subsequent days to find the unvaccinated children and properly administer the vaccine. Furthermore, workers record household demographics and the ages of children vaccinated.
The Polio EradicationInitiativehas a wide range of successes including saving more than 1 million children with the administration of vitamin A with the polio vaccine, adding to demographic knowledge of rural and hard to reach areas, increased local capacity to carry outthoroughand long lasting health initiatives. A full list of their accomplishments can be found here.
(World Health Organization, Media Center, 2012). Only 1 in 200 infections leads to irreversible paralysis and among that population, about 5 10% die of paralyzed breathing muscles. Other symptoms include vomiting, neck stiffness, headache, muscle spasms, pain in the limbs, fever, drooling, mood swings, and fatigue.
(World Health Organization, Media Center, 2012)
This section focuses on polio in Pakistan and international efforts to eradicatethedisease from the region. This section will serve as an introduction to polio, Pakistan, and the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. The News Analysis looks at the ways in which various news sources use social media and photography to report on polio in Pakistan. The Career Biography section examines Svea Closser work with public health in Pakistan. Once infected, a person can experience total and irreversible paralysis within just a few hours Nike Shoes 2018 Release
Case Study: Polio in Pakistan and the Global Polio Eradication Initiative
to contribute to a health system development and strengthen routine immunization and
Polio is spread via person to person contact or in an oral fecal manner, meaning Nike Shoes Skate people contract the poliovirus when they come into contact with infected mucus, phlegm, feces, or contaminated food/water (Perlstein, 2012). For this reason, polio is able to spread quicklythroughareas with poor sanitation and limited access to safe water.
to interrupt transmission of wild poliovirus as soon as possible;
The effects of polio can extend far beyond the infected individual. Areas with high polio presenceexperiencedecreased productivitybecauseof increased incidence of physical limitations.
surveillance for communicable diseases in a systematic way.
Dr. Bruce Aylwardis the Assistant Director General for Polio, Emergencies and Country Collaboration for the World Health Organization. His goal is to unite polio affected countries, The Polio Eradication Initiative, and other humanitarian response to eradicate the disease. In this powerful TED Talks clip, he talks about why isn good enough for polio eradication.
Countries area distorted to show relative polio cases worldwide from 2000 to 2005
The Global Polio EradicationInitiative was officially launched in 1988 at the 41st World Health Assemblyand by 1998, all polio endemiccountrieswere carrying out mass vaccination campaigns. The World Health Organization, Rotary International, the United States Center for Disease Control and Prevention, and the United Nations Children Fund lead the project funding, planning, implementation, and evaluation.
India no longer has cases of polio, so, as of 2012, there are only three countries that still report active cases of polio.
Polio mainly affects children under 5 years of age, who are also the main target of global vaccination campaigns. Although the vaccine, if administeredrepeatedlyandcorrectly, can prevent infection for life, there is no cure for polio.
The Global Polio Eradication Initiative
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